00:00:00 IGIHE NETWORK KN KINYARWANDA EN ENGLISH FR FRANCAIS

Col Théoneste Bagosora, umuhezanguni kuva mu bwana kugeza ku munsi wa nyuma

Yanditswe na IGIHE
Kuya 27 Nzeri 2021 saa 06:46
Yasuwe :
0 0

Ku wa Gatandatu tariki 25 Nzeri 2021, inkuru itunguranye irimo n’urujijo yahingutse ku rukuta rwa Facebook rwa Achille Bagosora, abika urupfu rwa se Col Théoneste Bagosora, umwe mu bahoze ari ‘uzi ico ndico’ mu butegetsi bw’u Rwanda.

Bagosora w’imyaka 80 yaguye muri gereza y’Umuryango w’Abibumbye muri Mali aho yari yarakatiwe igifungo cy’imyaka 35 kubera ibyaha bya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi n’ibyibasiye inyokomuntu.

Ntabwo icyamuhitanye cyatangajwe, gusa umuryango we wabwiye BBC ko yari amaze iminsi arwariye mu bitaro byo muri Mali.

Abamuzi akiri muto bamwise ‘Kigatura’, abamumenye akuze bamuzi nka Colonel wahanuriye Abatutsi ‘Imperuka’ mu 1993, akaba igikomerezwa mu ‘Kazu’ cyangwa "Réseau Zéro" ndetse no muri ‘‘escadrons de la mort’, agatsiko kashinzwe mu myaka ya 1990 kagamije kwica abo Leta ya Juvenal Habyarimana n’abahezanguni b’Abahutu babaga badashaka barimo abanyapolitiki n’Abatutsi, nyuma y’itangizwa ry’urugamba rwo kubohora igihugu.

Imyaka y’ubuto bwe Col Théoneste Bagosora yayimaze mu yahoze ari Komini Giciye muri Perefegitura ya Gisenyi, gusa yatangiye kumenyekana ubwo yari mu iseminari Nto ya Nyundo.

Isaïe Murashi, impuguke mu mateka, akaba umwanditsi w’ibitabo, yigeze kubwira IGIHE ko Bagosora mu buto bwe ku ishuri azwi nk’umwana wakinaga umupira avuna abandi ari naho hakomotse izina ‘Kigatura’ bamwitaga akiri umwana.

Abaswayire bavuga ko umunsi mwiza uboneka mu gitondo, uzaba mubi nawo ugaragara mu museso.

Murashi avuga ko Bagosora biganye muri seminari ya Nyundo ari umuhezanguni ndetse yanga cyane Abatutsi, ku buryo kugira uruhare mu kubarimbura mu 1994, abamuzi kera bitabatunguye.

Murashi ati “Yaduhozaga ku nkeke avuga ko umwanya w’abatutsi ari mu mahanga. Umunsi umwe, aza kutubwira ngo kimwe na bakuru bacu bari birukanywe ari benshi icyo gihe, ngo tugenewe kuzajya kuba muri Congo. Abandi bana b’abatutsi twari kumwe baracecetse. Njye narihaze ndamusubiza nti oya uribeshya hano niho iwacu. Nti kandi turacyari abana, ariko nidukura muzatubona.”

Bagosora yavuye ku Nyundo akomereza mu ishuri rya gisirikare, asohoka ari Sous-Lieutenant mu 1964. Ingoma ya Kayibanda Gregoire muri ibyo bihe ntiyamuhiriye kimwe na benshi mu bahutu baturukaga mu bice by’Amajyaruguru n’Iburengerazuba, icyakora iya Habyarimana yayisanzemo cyane anayibamo umutoni.

Habyarimana amaze gufata ubutegetsi, yashinze agatsiko kiswe ‘Akazu’ kari kagizwe n’abo mu muryango we ndetse n’abandi bahezanguni b’Abahutu bo mu bice by’Amajyaruguru bafatwaga nk’inkoramutima z’ibukuru.

Niko kafatirwagamo ibyemezo bikomeye birebana na politiki y’igihugu, ubukungu, umutekano, uwo kwikiza n’ibindi.

Bagosora aganira n'umwe mu bari bashinzwe imfungwa mu rukiko mpanabyaha rwashyiriweho u Rwanda

Bagosora yagize ijambo rikomeye mu ‘Kazu’ dore ko yanahabwaga kuyobora ibigo bikomeye nk’icya gisirikare cya Kanombe, yasimbuyeho Colonel Mayuya wishwe mu buryo bw’urujijo.

Niwe wicaga agakiza muri Jenoside

Ubwo mu 1993 ubwo we n’abandi basirikare bakuru bagenzi be bashyirwaga mu kiruhuko cy’izabukuru, Bagosora yakomeje kugira uruhare mu miyoborere y’igihugu kuko yagororewe kuba Umuyobozi Mukuru muri Minisiteri y’Ingabo, umwanya wasaga nk’uwa politiki.

Uwo mwanya ni na wo yifashishije tariki ya 9 Mutarama 1993 i Arusha muri Tanzania ubwo hari hamaze gusinywa igice cy’amasezerano ya Arusha kirebana no kugabana ubutegetsi na FPR Inkotanyi, agasohoka yivumbuye avuga ko agiye gutegurira Abatutsi ‘imperuka’.

Indege ya Habyarimana imaze kuraswa tariki 7 Mata 1994, ubutegetsi bwasigaye mu biganza bya Bagosora, mu buryo bw’urwiyerurutso buhabwa Sindikubwabo Théodore wari Perezida w’Inteko Ishinga Amategeko.

Inzobere mu mateka zifata Bagosora nk’ubwonko cyangwa umucurabwenge wa Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi, kuko ibyakozwe mu minsi ijana uhereye muri Mata 1994, ukuboko kwe kwari kubyihishe inyuma.

Imbaraga za Bagosora muri Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi zishimangirwa na Raporo ya Guverinoma y’u Rwanda igaragaza uruhare rw’u Bufaransa muri Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi [Muse Report].

Muri Jenoside, abayobozi bose bakomeye bakirwaga na Bagosora aho kuba Sindikubwabo, abashakaga ko ibintu bikemuka bose niwe begeraga kuko byagaragariraga buri wese ko ubutegetsi busigaye mu biganza bye.

Roméo Dallaire wari Umuyobozi w’ingabo za Loni zari zishinzwe kubungabunga amahoro mu Rwanda (MINUAR), avuga ko yagiye ku Kimihurura ku cyicaro gikuru cy’ingabo kureba Théoneste Bagosora, ubwo Jenoside yatangiraga agira ngo bafatanye na Guverinoma ya Agathe Uwilingiyimana, ibintu bisubizwe mu buryo.

Icyo gihe Bagosora ngo yarakariye Dallaire, amwerurira ko nta bubasha na mba Uwilingiyimana afite, ngaho ibaze Umukozi muri Minisiteri y’Ingabo uhakana ububasha bwa Minisitiri w’Intebe!

Indege ya Habyarimana ikimara kuraswa kandi, aho gukoranya inzego za politiki nka Guverinoma n’abandi, igisirikare kiyobowe na Bagosora cyahise gikoranya inama idasanzwe, cyishyiriraho Komite yo gusubiza ibintu ku murongo. Haba mu itegeko Nshinga, haba mu masezerano ya Arusha yari amaze amezi umunani asinywe, nta na hamwe havugaga ko mu gihe Perezida apfuye ububasha buhabwa igisirikare.

Ubwo abatutsi batangiraga kwicwa hirya no hino mu gihugu, Raporo Muse ivuga ko Tito Rutaremara wari Umunyamabanga Mukuru wa FPR Inkotanyi yahamagaye General Augustin Ndindiliyimana wayoboraga Gendarmerie, amubaza icyo bakora ngo ubwicanyi buhagarare, undi akamubwira ko ubwo bubasha buri mu maboko ya Bagosora.

Na Gen Maj Paul Kagame wari uyoboye ingabo za FPR Inkotanyi, yatumye Dallaire kujya kumubwirira Bagosora kugira ngo ahagarike ubwicanyi bwakorwaga n’igisirikare, cyangwa se niba abasirikare bananiwe FPR itange umusanzu.

Raporo Muse ivuga ko Bagosora yasubije ko ‘nta bufasha akeneye’, yizeza ko ‘ikibazo ari we kireba aracyikemurira’.

Icyo benshi batumva ni uburyo Bagosora yateguye akanahagarikira Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi, nyamara urukiko mpanabyaha rukaba rwaramukatiye igifungo cy’imyaka 35, mu gihe bagenzi be yayoboye bamwe bagiye bakatirwa burundu.

Umushakashatsi akaba n’inzobere kuri Jenoside, Jacques Morel, yabwiye JeuneAfrique ko ubushinjacyaha butabashije kugaragaza ibimenyetso simusiga byerekana ko Bagosora ari we wateguye Jenoside akanayiyobora, ahanini bitewe n’umwanya yari afite utarafataga ibyemezo mu buryo butaziguye.

Morel ati “Bagosora yahaniwe gusa ubwicanyi bwibasiye abahoze ari abaminisitiri muri Guverinoma ndetse n’abasirikare icumi b’Ababiligi biciwe i Kigali tariki 7 Mata. Niyo mpamvu urebye igihano cye kitabaye kinini cyane.”

Tariki ya 6 Werurwe 2019, Bagosora yasabye Urwego rwasigariyeho Urukiko Mpanabyaha Mpuzamahanga rwashyiriweho u Rwanda, IRMCT kurekurwa atararangiza igifungo cye.

Muri Mata uyu mwaka umucamanza yamwimye ayo mahirwe kubera imyitwarire ye itari yakabaye myiza ndetse n’uburemere bw’ibyaha ashinjwa.

Bagosora yatawe muri yombi tariki ya 9 Werurwe 1996 afatiwe muri Cameroon ahita yoherezwa muri ICTR ku wa 23 Mutarama 1997.

Ku wa 18 Ukuboza 2008, ICTR yahamije Bagosora icyaha cya jenoside, ibyaha byibasiye inyokomuntu. Yahise akatirwa igifungo cya burundu.

Ku wa 14 Ukuboza 2011, yaje kujuririra uwo mwanzuro w’urukiko maze igihano cyo gufungwa burundu gikurwaho akatirwa gufungwa imyaka 35.

Bagosora apfuye yarangiye kurekurwa by'agateganyo kuko urukiko rwasanze atarahinduka
Bagosora yari igikomerezwa muri Leta ya Habyarimana, akaba yari mu 'Kazu' kafataga ibyemezo bikomeye haba muri politiki no mu bukungu bw'u Rwanda
Mu rukiko Bagosora yaburanye ahakana ibyaha ashinjwa, nyamara abamuzi mbere no mu gihe cya Jenoside, bose ntawe ushidikanya ku bubasha yari afite mu gihugu n'imyitwarire ye

Kwamamaza

Kwamamaza

Kwamamaza

TANGA IGITEKEREZO

AMATEGEKO AGENGA IYANDIKA RY'IGITEKEREZO CYAWE
Kwamamaza

Special pages
. . . . . .