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Minisitiri w’Intebe yagaragaje icyaba umuti w’abahunga Afurika kubera ubukene

Yanditswe na Iradukunda Serge
Kuya 1 Ukuboza 2021 saa 12:55
Yasuwe :

Minisitiri w’Intebe, Dr Edouard Ngirente yagaragaje ko gukoresha neza umutungo wa Afurika no kuwubyaza umusaruro mu buryo bukwiye biri mu byatuma uyu mugabane ugabanya umubare w’abaturage bawo bawuhunga kubera ubukene.

Yabitangaje kuri uyu wa Gatatu tariki 1 Ukuboza 2021, ubwo yari yitabiriye Inama Mpuzamahanga yiga ku kibazo cy’ubuhunzi ku Mugabane wa Afurika izwi nka ‘36 Million Solutions: Africa Private Sector Forum on Forced Displacement’.

‘36 Million’, ni umubare uhagarariye abaturage ba Afurika miliyoni 36 bagaragazwa n’Ishami ry’Umuryango w’Abibumbye ryita ku Mpunzi (UNHCR) nk’abafite ibibazo byo kuba baravuye mu byabo, ari impunzi, batagira ubwenegihugu cyangwa se bashaka ubuhungiro.

Iyi nama igamije kwereka abikorera bo muri Afurika uruhare bakwiye kugira mu gukemura ikibazo cy’ubuhunzi kuri uyu mugabane.

Yatumiwemo abikorera, Guverinoma z’ibihugu, abaterankunga n’abahagarariye impunzi.

Umuyobozi wa UNHCR muri Afurika y’i Burasirazuba, mu Karere k’Ibiyaga Bigari no mu bihugu byo mu Ihembe rya Afurika, Clementine Nkweta-Salami yavuze ko mu myaka 10 ishize umubare w’abava mu byabo n’impunzi warushijeho kwiyongera.

Iki kibazo kigaragara muri Centrafrique, Sudani y’Epfo, u Burundi n’amajyaruguru ya Mozambique.

Yavuze ko ibihugu bya Afurika bikwiye kubona impunzi nk’amahirwe y’ishoramari kuruta uko bazifata nk’umutwaro. Yashimye u Rwanda na Djibouti kubera ko byatangiye gutera intambwe,asaba abikorera gufatanya n’imiryango na Guverinoma z’ibihugu mu gufasha impunzi n’abavuye mu byabo.

Ikibazo cy’impunzi muri Afurika kandi cyagarutsweho na Minisitiri w’Intebe w’u Rwanda, Dr Edouard Ngirente.

Dr Edouard Ngirente yagaragaje ko umubare w’Abanyafurika bahunga n’abava mu byabo ugenda wiyongera by’umwihariko muri Afurika yo munsi y’Ubutayu bwa Sahara.

Ati “Umubare w’abava mu byabo wageze ku kigero cyo hejuru gishoboka muri Afurika. Imibare yerekana ko mu 2020 umubare w’abantu bavuye mu byabo muri Afurika yo munsi y’Ubutayu bwa Sahara wageze kuri miliyoni 35.9 bangana na 45% by’impunzi zose ziri ku Isi.”

Amakuru atangwa na ‘SOS Children’s Village’ agaragaza ko ubukene buri mu mpamvu esheshatu zituma Afurika ikomeza kugira umubare munini w’impunzi. Mu zindi mpamvu harimo intambara n’imihindagurikire y’ibihe.

Minisitiri w’Intebe yakomeje avuga ko iki kibazo cy’Abanyafurika bahunga kubera ubukene, cyakemuka mu gihe umutungo w’uyu mugabane waba ukoreshejwe neza.

Ati “Nk’uko byagiye bigaragazwa Afurika ifite ubukungu n’ubutunzi ku buryo buramutse bubyajwe umusaruro neza, uyu mugabane ushobora nibura kugabanya umubare w’abahunga kubera impamvu z’ubukungu binyuze mu guha amahirwe atandukanye urubyiruko rwacu.”

Yagaragaje ko abikorera bakwiye gutanga umusanzu mu bijyanye no guhanga imirimo bagaha urubyiruko rwa Afurika akazi kuko ubushomeri buri mu bituma ruhunga.

Ati “Ni inshingano zacu gukorana bya hafi n’abikorera mu gukoresha neza uyu mutungo, hahangwa imirimo ihagije ku rubyiruko rwacu. Ibi bizafasha mu buryo bw’ubukungu n’imibereho ndetse hanakemurwe ikibazo cy’abimukira bajya ku yindi migabane.”

Minisitiri w’Intebe w'u Rwanda, Dr Edouard Ngirente yagaragaje ko gukoresha neza umutungo wa Afurika byaba igisubizo ku baturage bayo bayihunga kubera ubukene

Indi ngingo yaganiriweho muri iyi nama ni ijyanye n’uburyo ibihugu byakira impunzi ndetse bikazifasha gutangira ubuzima bushya, kwiyubaka no kwibona muri gahunda z’igihugu kimwe nk’abandi baturage.

Dr Ngirente yavuze ko gufasha impunzi gutangira ubuzima bushya bituma zidashingira imibereho yazo ku nkunga kandi zikagira uruhare mu iterambere ry’igihugu zahungiyemo.

Hari ibyo u Rwanda rwakoze

Minisitiri w’Intebe, Dr Edouard Ngirente, yagaragaje ko u Rwanda rwashyizeho gahunda zitandukanye zigamije gufasha impunzi kubona ubuzima bwiza no kwibona mu gihugu.

Ati “Hejuru ya 10% by’impunzi ziri mu Rwanda ziba mu mijyi, mu gihe abandi basigaye baba mu nkambi eshanu ziri hirya no hino mu gihugu. Twese turabizi ko kwakira impunzi ari ikintu kimwe cyiza ariko kugenzura ko zibaho mu buzima bufite agaciro ni ikindi.”

Dr Ngirente yavuze ko zimwe mu mpunzi zahungiye mu Rwanda zahawe indangamuntu, zishyirwa mu ishuri ndetse no muri gahunda y’ubwisungane mu kwivuza.

Yavuze ko u Rwanda ruzakomeza gushyira imbere gahunda zigamije kuzamura imibereho y’impunzi no kurufasha kwibona muri gahunda z’igihugu.

U Rwanda rucumbikiye impunzi zisaga 148.938 aho izikomoka muri Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo zingana na 51%, izikomoka mu Burundi zikanga na 48%. Izituye mu mijyi ni 8%, mu gihe abasaga 92% baba mu nkambi, abana n’abagore banga na 76%.

Ahari kubera iyi nama hari no kumurikirwa imishinga itandukanye ikorwa n'impunzi
Umwe mu bitabiriye iyi nama asobanurirwa ibikorwa by'impunzi
Hagaragajwe ko impunzi zishobora gukora imishinga y'iterambere nubwo ziba zitari mu gihugu cyazo
Abikorera biyemeje gushyigikira imishinga y'impunzi
Iyi ni imwe mu mishinga y'iterambere yakozwe n'impunzi
Iyi nama yitabiriwe n'abafite aho bahuriye n'imibereho y'impunzi
Iyi nama yitabiriwe n'abantu batandukanye bari kurebera hamwe uko abikorera bagira uruhare mu gukemura ibibazo by'impunzi hirya no hino muri Afurika
Umuyobozi Mukuru wa Banki y'u Rwanda Itsura Amajyambere (BRD), Kampeta Sayinzoga yasangije abitabiriye iyi nama amateka yanyuzemo ubwo yari akiri impunzi
Umuyobozi wa UNHCR muri Afurika y’i Burasirazuba, mu Karere k’Ibiyaga Bigari no mu bihugu byo mu Ihembe rya Afurika, Clementine Nkweta-Salami yagaragaje ko mu myaka 10 ishize umubare w’abava mu byabo n’impunzi warushijeho kwiyongera
Abikorera bitabiriye iyi nama basabwe kugira uruhare muri gahunda zigamije gufasha impunzi kubaho neza
2Baba usanzwe ari na Ambasaderi w'ibikorwa bya UNHCR yasabye abikorera gushyigikira impunzi

Amafoto: Yuhi Augustin


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